Paris Marathon of April 7, 2013
Véroniqe Billat, University Professor, teacher-researcher in physiology, created this laboratory in 5 years within the Genopole of Evry. Former top-level athlete (Marathon runner and vice cross-country champion of France), amateur cyclist (Marmott and other mountain biking sports) she joined the University of Evry-Val-d’Essonne to set up a research laboratory which uses methodological approaches to identify the biological responses of the human body during exercise: from molecular biology to physiology with an ecological approach of human activity in the real environment of life and sports.
Optimize your energy and VO2max at any time of life to have more fun in your sport.
|Robert Marchand in the lab|
VO2max may be reached during a marathon.
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Research and methodology of Unit 902
Unit 902 is an integrative physiology and biology unit. Its originality lies in its integrative aspect at 3 levels:
- At the experimental level, we study humans but also animals (mice, horses)
- Concerning the methodological aspects, the biological reactions during exercise are provided not only physiologically but also on the cellular and molecular levels (genetics).
- Our approach to humans leans on exercises done in the laboratory, but also in the ield in order to respect the spontaneous regulation of the speed during movement particularly in context to competition. The best performances are those achieved thanks to a spontaneous and fine regulation of the work load. It consists in under- standing the point of control of this work load variation (speed) which is outwardly unpredictable. Finally, mathematics enables us to establish a pattern.
This is why our laboratory is made up of researchers and lecturers and all these specialities have one goal: to understand the human in movement, movement being life itself.
The purpose and direction of research in exercise physiology.
The purpose is to participate in health prevention by personalised exercise versus
The metabolic and physiological profile of the person and eventually according to their pathology. Indeed, the aim is to find the right “dosage” of exercise according to age and the pathology of the subjects. The initial laboratory expertise, which is based on 20 years’ research on exercise physiology, is to give to athletes of all levels, training areas (intensity and duration), and protocols to improve their cardio respiratory and energetic capacities without doping.
Research and training
The laboratory has developed an integrated training program to improve all the energetic capacities without opposing the aerobic and the anaerobic, the long and the slow with the short and the fast. This training plays on the entire individual energetic continuum and thus enables to optimise the training without only reasoning on the quantity and inflation and time consuming kilometres on a bike, but on the QUALITY of this training by setting off ways of activating protein and mitochondrion synthesis (in order to have more strength and endurance, qualities which are intimately linked and unopposed and even necessary for each other).
The laboratory has also participated in preparing top world athletes. The Kenyan 5OOO metres vice world champion at the Athens Olympic Games Isabellah Ochichi, was followed very closely, as was the French biathlete Raphaël Poirée, eight times world champion in his speciality and also the French rowing champion Jean-Jacques Gautier who is actually preparing a solitary crossing of the Atlantic.
The research team
At the present day, the laboratory has a team of eight researchers, and uses its skills for the public service. The expertise acquired beside some of the greatest athletes could be useful to a great number. Under Véronique Billat’s spurring and who is never short of good ideas, the LEPHE can offer amateur athletes a permanent scientific follow-up thanks to electronic devises fitted with sensors. It is also developing an evaluation method for medication destined to fight myopathies. Moreover, it is developing a means for overweight people, to know the best walking speed that will enable them to burn their lipids in the most effective way.